Phonemes and Graphemes
For those teaching at home, phonemes / graphemes / diagraphs / trigraphs may be a whole new learning experience. I do hope that this helps.
A phoneme is the smallest unit of sound. Phonemes are put together to make words.
A grapheme is a way of writing down a phoneme. Graphemes are made up of 1, 2 or 3 letters eg: a / sh / igh
1 letter: a t g
2 letters: sh ng th (also known as a diagraph – 2 letters put together that make one sound)
3 letters: igh air ure (also known as a trigraph – 3 letters put together that make one sound)
A Tricky word is one that can’t be sounded out easily: the / no / put / her / was
Here are the list of order that the phonemes and tricky words are taught. You will notice that there is no phase 4 phonemes as phase 4 is consolidating the phonemes that the children have learnt. It is focused on using them in their reading and writing.
I do hope that this helps those of you who said that this would help you at home, whilst working with your child.